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Blean Colliery

Holmes, Sir Charles J. (1868), Not known, Drawing with watercolour 25.8 x 34.4

<p align="JUSTIFY">  Born in Preston, Lancashire, the son of a clergyman, Charles Holmes was educated at Eton and won a scholarship to Brasenose College, Oxford. He was self-taught as a painter, etcher, learning from his studies of the Old Masters. His stature as an artist was established when he was admitted as a member to the New English Art Club. From 1904 to 1910 Holmes was Slade Professor of Fine Art at Oxford University, during which time he also edited <i>The Burlington Magazine</i> (founded in 1903). In 1909 he was appointed director of the National Portrait Gallery, resigning from that post in 1916 to become director of the National Gallery. Holmes was the author of many books on art and art history. . His approach to art history was that of an artist – focusing on the materials used by the painters. He received a knighthood in 1921. Holmes is known for his industrial landscapes, which formed an important part of his oeuvre. This drawing was bought by the LACF in 1926, two years before Holmes retired as Director of the National Gallery in 1928.</span>