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The Flagellation

Durer. Albrecht (1471-1528), c. 1497-1499, Woodcut 37.9 x 29.1

<blockquote> <p align="JUSTIFY">  A German artist, a painter, print-maker and theoretician, Albrecht Dürer was born in Nuremberg, the second son of a goldsmith who had come there from Hungary. After serving an apprenticeship with the principal artist of his home town, Dürer travelled in Europe and first visited Italy in 1494. The light in Venice and the work of Venetian artists was to influence both his paintings and his prints. From Renaissance Italy, he also brought back to Germany the idea of the painter as an artistic individual, not merely a craftsman. Italy and its art made a great impression on him, but Dürer’s temperament remained Germanic. It was perhaps best expressed in his engraving <i>Melencolia I</i> of 1515, which he intended to represent the life of a secular genius in the worlds of art and science. By 1497, Dürer had become a successful artist, with his own large workshop in Nuremberg. He benefited from the patronage of Frederick, Elector of Saxony and moved in intellectual and humanist circles, writing books on geometry, perspective and fortification. <i>The Flagellation</i>, given to the LACF by R.H. Kitson in 1913, is part of a series of twelve woodcuts, entitled the <i>Great Passion</i>. Along with the<i> Mount of Olives, </i>the <i>Entombment </i>and the<i> Lamentation</i> it was one of the earliest in the series, produced between 1497 and 1499. During his lifetime, Dürer produced six versions of the  Great Passion, the last remaining uncompleted at the time of his death.</span> </blockquote>